Tribute to Juana Ramírez know as “The Advancer” (La Avanzadora).
Born: January 12, 1790, Juana Ramírez La Avanzadora was a heroine of the Venezuelan independence struggle. … On May 25, 1813, Juana Ramírez La Avanzadora faced the Royalist army of Domingo Monteverde, while leading a group of women in Sabana de Alto de los Godos, west of Maturín.
Juana Ramirez was born a slave in 1790 in Chaguaramal in the state of Guarico, Venezuela to Guadalupe, an African woman who was abducted, enslaved and forced to work on the land owned by the wealthy Rojas family.
Like the rest of the Caribbean and the U.S., Venezuela has a long history of marronage, slaves who escaped the plantations and waged war on the slave system. When the war of Independence against the Spanish Empire began in 1810, Ramirez freed herself and joined the ranks of rebellion. She organized a combat team of 100 women who surged to the forefront of many key battles. La Avanzadora and her troops fought against the Spanish soldiers and their attempts to re-establish colonial rule over the newly independent country. She quickly gained her nickname, “La Avanzadora” (the advancer) because of her steadfastness and bravery on the front lines of the battle for Venezuela’s self-determination.
Ramirez took initiative in battles for the northern city of Maturín. She was a powerful force against Spanish commanders and generals. One notable successful fight was against General Domingo de Monteverde on May 25th 1813. She commanded a squadron of women who charged the colonial invaders in the Battle of Alto de los Godos, expelling them once and for all until independence was gained.