Rodrigo Tovar, a.k.a ‘Jorge 40’, is already in Colombia at the disposal of the immigration and judicial authorities, and now must have to face Colombian’s justice.
A.k.a «Jorge 40», one of the bloodiest paramilitary leaders of the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC), was extradited to the United States in 2008 for crimes associated with drug trafficking, and was sentenced to 16 years in prison and paid 12 .
IN THE UNITED STATES
During his judicial process, the United States Government held Tovar Pupo responsible for at least 1,500 kilograms of cocaine between 2002 and 2005 shipment to that country; cultivation, production and trafficking he supervised by having directed the activities of the AUC in the northeast of Colombia.
The AUC demobilized in 2006 after a negotiation process with the government of then Colombian President Álvaro Uribe.
As part of the agreement, the ex-paramilitaries availed themselves of the Justice and Peace Law, which contemplated sentences of a maximum of eight years in prison in exchange for collaboration to solve crimes, but some of the leaders such as “Jorge 40” lost those benefits.
The former paramilitary chief was prosecuted under Justice and Peace for the crimes of forced displacement, homicide, torture, forced disappearance, illegal recruitment, and destruction and appropriation of protected property, but was later expelled from that mechanism and extradited.
The secrets of ‘Jorge 40’, the warlord who owned Colombia’s Caribbean region
Rodrigo Tovar, the former warlord who virtually owned Colombia’s Caribbean coast and its politicians, wants to talk after years of silence.
Lots of people with good reasons to be nervous
The return of Tovar, a.k.a. “Jorge 40,” should make a lot of people nervous, even the bosses of Chiquita, the company that started with bananas and ended up implicated in arms trafficking.
Former President Alvaro Uribe also has reasons to worry as Tovar could easily get the shady prosecutor who is supposed to be trying Uribe on fraud and bribery charges in prison.
The former paramilitary commander never got the chance to talk about the prosecutors in his pocket because Uribe extradited Tovar and 13 other AUC leaders to the US in May 2008.
Tovar has only been heard eight times, but by then the paramilitaries’ confessions had even gotten the former president’s cousin Mario in trouble for his narco ties.
Following his extradition, the former Bloque Norte commander continued cooperating with Colombian justice, but bailed out in 2010 as US justice was trying Tovar for drug trafficking.
The return of Tovar is particularly interesting because he was one of the AUC’s most politically active leaders in between allegedly ordering 330 massacres.
Months after his demobilization a day before the 2006 congressional elections, prosecutors found evidence on Tovar’s computer that the AUC leader helped political dynasties from the Caribbean region get elected into Congress and agreed he would fake paramilitary demobilization processes in the northern Sucre and Bolivar provinces.
A judge revoked the AUC commander’s judicial benefits in 2015 after ruling Tovar had not complied with his Colombian court obligations while complying with his US court obligations.
As far as Peace Commissioner Miguel Ceballos goes, Tovar is done getting other people in trouble, but the former AUC chief is hoping for a second chance, spilling his beans before the war crimes tribunal that was set up after the demobilization of guerrilla group FARC.
The so-called Special Jurisdiction for Peace rejected Tovar’s initial request in January, but gave him a shot if he can prove he financed the AUC before actively joining the group.